E-literacy for learning in the Internet Age
16 August 2010
Did serendipity bring me to ‘Contemporary Perspectives in E-learning Research.’ Conole and Oliver (2007) or did I notice that H808 students were reading and critting it? Either way I bought it as I’m yet to get my head around e-Reader.
Can you recommend an e-Reader?
A kindle or the Sony Reader perhaps? I can’t see the point in an iPad for reading academic journals and books. I don’t want to be printing off a forest and filing on shelves I don’t have either.
Chapter 11 of ‘Contemporary Perspectives in E-learning Research’ looks at ‘Academic literacy in the 21st century’
E-literacy is an irresistible term of course.
‘Electronic Literacy’ or ‘E-literacy’
‘Involving the capacity to locate, organise, interpret and use digital information.’ Conole (2007:160)
Martin (2003) appears to get the credit for coining the term.
There are many forms of literacy, all have their place:
* information literacy
* digital literacy
* electronic communication
* computer literacy
* information/IT skills
* computer-mediated communications
* knowledge construction
Shetzer and Warshauer (2000), McKenna (2002), ‘Writing as a social practice’ (Ivonic et al, 1999)
These literacies are:
* shaped by disciplinary norms
* institutional power dynamics
* impact of audience
* notions of identity
‘What we choose to read and how we read may lead to fundamental changes in our understanding of authoritative scholarship.’ Conole (2007:160)
It interesting that Google is often the preferred means of locating academic information (Borphy et al, 2004). Does this apply to undergraduates and graduates? At times frustrated with the OU Library Services I ended up in Google Scholastic but no longer had the access privileges so had to back pedal. Too often links given in text, journals and book are out of date. By way of example of the three links I wished to follow up in this chapter I found only one and that was at a different URL I am yet to find the SCONUL or SCORM articles.
SCONUL (1999) ‘information skills in higher education’, SCONUL position paper. Available online at: http://www.sconul.ac.uk/activities/inf-lit/papers/seven-pillars.html (CAN’T FIND)
SCORM (2004) Shareable content object reference model. http://www.adlnet.org/scorm/history/2004/index.cfm (ERROR PAGE)
Ingraham (2005b) Filmic and even melodramatic narrative … used purposefully.
Ingraham (2005b) Exploring the Frontiers of E-learning: border, outposts and migration. ALT-j, 2005. 6-8 Sept 2005.
Beyond the ‘essentially medieval apprenticeship system’ (Ingraham and Ingraham, 2006) ‘E-Quality: a dialogue between quality and academia’, E-learning, 31) http://www.wwwords.co.uk/elea/content/pdfs/3/issue3_1.asp
(ACCESSED 16 AUG 2010. But not at this address, but at this one!)
I have a problem with some PDF files too, but that’s down to an eight year old iBook not being able to upgrade to the latest ADOBE PDF software. A new iBook beckons.
The theme of ‘online literacy’ should be given a book in its own right.
How though do institutions recognise the many different ways students may wish to pursue and assemble content and information in future?
Literacy and multiple literacies (Kress, 1997)
‘It is a normal and fundamental characteristic of language and literacy to be constantly remade in relation to the needs of the moment.’ Conole (2007:169)
Kress, G (1997) Before writing: rethinking the paths to literacy.
‘The are many ways of making and communicating meaning in the world today.’ Conole (2007:169)
The goals of education
The development of ‘concrete-operational skills of technical reason coupled with functional, utilitarian language skill.’ (Jones, 1991)
Two conflicting directions for education
‘The desire to stimulate the growth of autonomous, entrepreneurial, IT-literate, multi-skilled individuals’ or ‘the desire to create a compliant, low-expectation labour force inured to the demands of flexibilisation.’ Conole (2007:171)
Surely this isn’t a case of either or, and surely both ends of the scale can be viewed positively – society needs a community of people working at different jobs to remain viable and coherent. Conole should be quoting Government policy here but prefer to suggest that there is a choice while clearly favouring one over the other.
Prison Officers, we are told, don’t need a university degree; they aren’t the only ones. Unless you want people to endure their necessary jobs like Marvin the Paranoid Android. Adams. (1979)
REF Kress, G (2003) Literacy in the new media age.
Adams, D (1979) The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy.
Conole, G and Oliver, M (eds) 2007. Contemporary perspectives in E-Learning Research. Themes, methods and impact on practice.